Chung Chang-sup

Chung Chang Sup (b. 1927-2011)

 

 

Among the first generation of artists educated in Korea after its liberation,

Chang-Sup Chung was an influential abstract painter who experimented with Art Informel,

monochrome painting, and Minimalism in a lifelong search for the identity of Korean art.

He is especially known for his paper mulberry or 'tak' works, produced by adhering wet

fibres extracted from the tree bark directly onto the canvas.

 

 

EDUCATION

 

1951     MFA in Painting, College of Fine Arts, Seoul National University, Korea

 

 

SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS

 

2010     National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea

2007     Pyo Gallery, Beijing/ Seoul, China/Korea

2003     Gallery Euro, Seoul, Korea

2000      Johyun Gallery, Busan, Korea

1999     Park Ryusook Gallery, Korea

              Cigong Gallery, Daegu, Korea

              Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan

1996     Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea

              Mark Moore Gallery, Los Angeles, USA

1995     Absolute International Biennale Invitational, Mark Moore Gallery, Los Angeles, USA

1994     Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan

              Gallery World, Busan, Korea

1993     Ho Am Gallery, Seoul, Korea

1985     Ueda Gallery, Tokyo, Japan

1984     Art Core Center, Los Angeles, USA

              Duson Gallery, Seoul, Korea

 

 

SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS

 

2012     Korean Abstract Painting_10 Perspectives, Seoul Museum of Art,Seoul, Korea

2011     Tell Me Tell Me: Australian and Korean Art 1976-2011, National Museum of

              Contemporary Art, Korea / Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia

              Q is Full, The Opening Exhibition of Daegu Art Museum, Daegu, Korea

2010     2010 In the Midst of the Korean Contemporary Art, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul,

2009     The Color of Nature, Monochrome Art in Korea, Wellside Gallery, Shanghai, China

2008     Korean Abstract Paintings: 1958-2008, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

              Drawing from Korea: 1870-1970, Soma Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

               Joseon Wood Furniture and Korean Contemporary Abstract Art, Shinsegye Department Store Gallery, Seoul

2007     Abstract Art, Nam Seoul Annex Building of Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

              New Acquisitions, Gyeonggi Museum of Modern Art, Ansan, Korea

2006     Masters of Korean Contemporary Art, Leehwaik Gallery, Seoul, Korea

2005     The Seoul Art Exhibition 2005, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

2004     Monochrome Painting of Korea, Past and Present, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

              Permeating, Leehyun Gallery, Daegu, Korea

2003     White Spectrum-Joseon White Porcelain and Korean Contemporary Art, World Ceramic Exposition,

               Joseon Royal Klin Museum, Gwangju, Korea

2002     Understanding Abstract Arts, Sungkok Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              Korean Contemporary Art from the mid-1970s to mid-1980s: Age of Philosophy and Aesthetics,

              National Museum of Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea

              Aesthetic of 70s Plane Hidden by Monotone, Hanwon Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

              Japan-Korea Contemporary Art Exhibition, Gana Insa Art Center

              Seoul & Yokohama Takashimaya Department Store  Gallery, Japan

              100 Korean Modern Arts, National Museum of Art, Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea

              4 Korean Contemporary Artists (Chang-Sup Chung, Se-Ok Suh, Tschang-Yeul Kim, Seo-Bo Park)

              Gallery Misulsegye, Tokyo, Japan2001  Shadow of Comprehension, Sagan Gallery, Seoul, Korea2000

              An Aspect of Korean Contemporary Art, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea

              NATURE, Posco Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              The Facet of Korean and Japanese Contemporary Art, Gwangju Biennale, Gwangju, Korea

              Plane as Spirits, Busan Metropolitan Art Museum, Busan, Korea

              Seoul National University & Korean Art, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

              New Millennium, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea1999  Korean Art 50 Years: 1950-1999, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea

              Les Peintres du Silence, Musee des Arts Asiatiques, Nice, France1999-1983  Ecole de Seoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, 

              Korea1998  Les Peintres du Silence, Musee du Chateau des ducs de Wurtemberg, Montbeliard, France1996  Invitational

              Exhibition for the 50th Anniversary of Seoul National University, Seoul University and Korean Art, Seoul National

              University

              Museum, Seoul, Korea

              Black and White, Gallery Seomi, Seoul, Korea

              Korean Monochrome of 1970s, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea

              Spirit of Korean Abstract Painting, Ho-Am Art Gallery, Seoul, Korea

1995     52 International and National Artists, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul

              Korean Nature: Meditaion-Expression, Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              Art Contemporain Coreen, Couvent des Cordeliers, Paris, France

              '95 Seoul Art Competition, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

              The Korean Modern Painting for Fifty Years, Hanlim Museum, Daejeon, Korea

              Posco Center Opening Exhibition, Posco Art Museum, Seoul, Korea1994  Seoul International Art Festival, National

              Museum

              of Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea

              Korean Contemporary Art: Light and Color in Korean Art, Ho-Am Art Gallery, Seoul, Korea1993  12 Contemporary Artists

              from Korea, Miyagi Museum of Art, Sendai, Japn

              '93 Seoul Art Competition, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

              Korean Art, Yesterday and Today, Hanlim Gallery, Daejeon, Korea

              4 Korean Contemporary Artists, Sigong Gallery, Daegu, Korea1992  Working with Nature, Traditional Thought in

              Contemporary Art from Korea, Tate Gallery, Liverpool, United Kingdom

              Contemporary Art Festival '92, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea

              Korean Contemporary Art, Sonje Museum of Contemporary Art, Gyeongju, Korea & Shimonoseki

              City Art Museum, Shimonoseki & Niigata City Art Museum, Niigata & Kasama Nichido Museum of Art Foundation,

              Ibaraki & Mie Prefectural Art Museum, Mie, Japan

              Line and Expression, Ho-Am Art Museum, Seoul, Korea1991  A Grouping for the Identity of Korean Contemporary

              Art I, III,

              Hanwon Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              The 2nd Tokyo Art EXPO, Tokyo, Japan

              25 Korean Contemporary Artists, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea

              5 Contemporary Artists, Hankuk Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              91 Seoul Art Competition, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

              Inaugural Exhibition of Korean Contemporary Art, Sonje

              Museum of Contemporary Art, Gyeongju, Korea1990  Contemporary Art Festival '90, National Museum of Contemporary 

              Art, Gwacheon, Korea

              Korean Art-Today's Situation, Seoul Arts Center, Hangaram Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              Korean Contemporary Art, Total Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              '90 Seoul Art Competition, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea1989  Contemporary Chinese Art, Sponsored

              by UNESCO,       

              Palace Museum, Beijing, China

              '89 Seoul Art Competition, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

              Commissioned Work "Theme Hiroshima," Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan1988  The 9th

              Today's Artists Exhibition, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              4 Korean Painters, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan

              Modern Korean Paintings in the'70s, Walker Hill Art Center, Seoul, Korea

              Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Art, Inaugural Exhibition of Chosun Daily Newspaper Museum, Seoul, Korea

              '88 Seoul Art Competition, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul

              Olympiad of Art: International Contemporary Art Festival, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea 

              Modernism in Korean Contemporary Art Scene: 1970-1979, 

              Hyundai Department Store Gallery, Seoul

              '88 Contemporary Korean Paintings, The National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan1988-1975  Seoul Contemporary Art

              Festival, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea1987  '87 Contemporary Art Exhibit, National Museum of

              Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea

              The 8th Today's Artists Exhibition, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              4 Korean Contemporary Artists, Laboratory Gallery, Sapporo, Japan

              39 Contemporary Artists, Commemorate for The Late Professor Su-geun Kim, Space Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              '87 Seoul Art Competition, by Seoul Metropolitan Government, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Gwacheon,

              Korea

              Chang-Sup Chung, Seo-Bo Park Exhibition, Gonggan Art Museum, Seoul, Korea1986  Seoul Art '86, Organized by Seoul

              Metropolitan Government, Seoul City Museum of Art, Seoul

              Salon des Artistes Francaises, Grand Palais, Paris, France

              Past & Present: Traditional and Contemporary Korean 'Paper Work,' Muromachi Ogura, Kyoto, Japan

              Korean Art Today, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea, Gwacheon, Korea

              The 10th '86 Seoul Contemporary Asian Art Shows, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Gwacheon & Deoksugung,

              Korean Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea

              '86 Contemporary Art Invitational, Duson Gallery, Seoul, Korea

1985     Minimal and Maximal, Hu Gallery, Jeon Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              70 Years of Korean Western Painting, Ho-Am Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              Modern Art from the Past 40 Years, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea

              ASPACAE (Asian Pacific Conference on Arts Education) '85, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

              Paper Works by Contemporary Korean Artists, Sarah Spurgeon Gallery, Central Washington University,

              Washington D.C., U.S.A. 

              The 12th Catholic Art Exhibition, Korean Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea

              Contemporary Art Festival '85, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea

              The 1st Asian International Art Exhibition, National Museum of Contemporary of Art, Seoul, Korea1984  The 5th Today's

              Artists Exhibition, Korean Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea

              Contemporary Art of the 1960s: the Works of the Biennale de Paris, Duson Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              Contemporary Korean Art: the Late '70s-A Situation, Korean Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea

              Paper Work '84, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              Contemporary Korean Art: Currents in the'70s, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan

              Contemporary Art Festival '84, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul

              60s Korean Contemporary Art: Informal and Its Surroundings, Walkerhill Art Center, Seoul, Korea

              Exposition de la Peinture Blanche, French Cultural Center, Seoul, Korea

              Today's Art: Selected from The Collection of Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo,

               Japan1984-1983  Exchange Exhibition of Print and Drawing Between Seoul and San Francisco, U.S.I.S,  Seoul & World

              Print Council, San Francisco & Korean Cultural Service, Los Angeles, U.S.A.1983  Contemporary Korean Art, Viscontea

              Hall, Milano, Italy

              Contemporary Art Festival '83, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul

              Korean Contemporary Arts Exhibition of the 70s Exhibition, Tokyo Museum of Art, Tokyo & Tochigi

              Municipal Museum of Art, Tochigi & Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art, Sapporo & Fukuoka City Museum, Fukuoka,

               Japan

              Korea: New Paper Works, Spring Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan

              7 Korean Artists, Yil Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan

1983     The Art of Contemporary Paper: Korea and Japan, Deoksugung Art Museum, Seoul & Kyoto Municipal Museum,

-1982    Kyoto & Saitama Museum of Modern Art, Urawa & Kumamoto Folk Museum, Kumamoto, Japan1982  The 3rd Today's

              Artists Exhibition, Korean Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea

              The Phase of Contemporary Korean Art, Myungdong Gallery, Seoul & Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan

              The State of Korea Modern Art, Kyoto, Japan

              Municipal Museum of Art, Kyoto, Japan

1981     The 2nd Today's Artists Exhibition, Korean Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea

              Korean Art '81, Deoksugung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              Works on Paper-Drawings Exhibition of Contemporary Korean Artists, Dongsanbang Gallery, Seoul & Art Core Center,

              Los Angeles, U.S.A.

              Drawing '81, Deoksugung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea1981-1972  Korean National Art Exhibition, National Museum of

              Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea1980  The 1st International Art Exchange, Sejong Center Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              The Grand Exhibition of Contemporary Korean Print Drawing, Deoksugung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              Koreaan Contemporary Artists, Dongbang Gallery, Busan, Korea

              37 Contemporary Artists, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea1979  Korean Contemporary Arts: Part II-Informal, Korean

              Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea1978  The 1st Joongang Fine Arts, National Museum of

              Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea

              Korea: The Trend for the Past 20 Years in Contemporary Art, DeoksugungArt  Museum, Seoul, Korea1977  Contemporary

              Korean Western Painting, Deoksugung Art Museum,Seoul, Korea

              Korean Contemporary Art, Central Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan

              The 4th Seoul 1970, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea    

              Korean Contemporary Paintings, National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan 

              Works on Paper, Jean Art Gallery, Kyunji Gallery, Seoul & Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan1976  The 3rd Grand Prize Exhibition

              of Korean Art, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea

              Western Painting of 100 Artists Exhibition, Moonhwa Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              The 3rd Seoul 1970, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea1974  Seoul '70 Founding Member's Exhibition,

              Shinsegye Department Store Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              The 4th India Triennale, New Delhi, India

              The 10th Contemporary Asian Art Exhibition, Tokyo, Japan1973  Korean Contemporary Art 1957-1972: Abstraction-

              Situation, Myungdong Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              Exhibition of 100 Modern Korean Painters, Deoksugung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              Korean Contemporary Art '73, Downtown Gallery, Hawaii, U.S.A.1972  Korean Contemporary Art, Gallery Harugu, Tokyo,

               Japan

              The Exhibition of 60 Years of Modern Korean Painting, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea1972-1969

              Korean Contemporary Paintings Exhibition, Traveling India, Nepal and Afghanistan1970  The 19th Korean National Art

              Exhibition, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea

              The 1st Grand Prize Exhibition of Korea Art, Gyeongbokgung Art Museum, Seoul, KoreaSpace Gallery Invitational, Space

              Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              Professors' Art Exhibition by College of Fine Arts, Seoul National University, College of Fine Arts, Seoul National

              University, Seoul, Korea1969  The 18th Korean National Art Exhibition, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul,

              Korea

              The 1st Cannes International Paintings Festival, Cannes, France

              The 1st Pistoia International Paintings Biennale, Pistoia, Italy

              Invitational Exhibition of 10 Korean Contemporary Painters, Shinsegye Department Store Gallery, Seoul, Korea1968

              Korean Contemporary Paintings, Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan1967  ISPAA (International Society

              of Plastic and Audio-Visual Art) Exhibition, Traveling Seoul, Osaka, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Malaysia1966  The 10th

              Contemporary Art Exhibit, Gyeongbokgung Art Museum, Seoul

              The 5th Cultural Freedom Invitational, Yechong Gallery, Seoul, Korea

              The 2nd Korean Contemporary Painting Exhibtion by 10 Artists, Organized by Joongang Daily Newspaper, Seoul,

              Korea1965  The 9th Contemporary Art  Exhibit, Gyeongbokgung  Art  Museum, Seoul

              The 8th Bienal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

              The 1st Korean Nation Art Exhibition, Busan, Korea

              Contemporary Art Exhibition of Far East 6 Countries, Macy's Department Store Gallery, New York, U.S.A.

              The 2nd Cultural Freedom Invitational, Korea Information Center Gallery, Seoul 

              1964  The 2nd Actual, Gyengbokgung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea1963  The 7th Contemporary Art Exhibit, Gyengbokgung

              Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              The 2nd Cultural Freedom Invitational, Korean Information Center Gallery, Seoul1962  The 6th Contemporary Art Exhibit,

              Gyengbokgung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              The 1st Saigon International Biennale, Saigon, Vietnam

              Exhibition of International Freedom, Gyengbokgung Art Museum, Seoul

              33 Korean Contemporary Artists, Ministry of the Cultural Information, Seoul

              Korean Contemporary Artists, Manila, The Philippines1961  The 10th Korean National Art Exhibition,

              National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul

              The 2nd Paris Youth Biennale, Paris, France

              Exhibition of International Freedom, Tokyo National Stadium Gallery, Tokyo1960  The 4th Contemporary Art Exhibit,

              Gyengbokgung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea1959  The 3rd Contemporary Art Exhibit, Gyengbokgung Art Museum, Seoul,

              Korea1958  The 2nd Contemporary Art Exhibit, Gyengbokgung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea1957  The 1st Contemporary

              Art

              Exhibit, Organized by Chosun Daily Newspaper, Deoksugung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

              Invited Exhibition of Cultural Freedom, Asia Foundation, Seoul

              Korean Contemporary Artists, World House Gallery, New York, U.S.A1956  The 5th Korean National Art Exhibition,

              National Art Museum, Seoul1955  The 4th Korean National Art Exhibition, National Art Museum, Seoul1954  The 3rd

              Korean National Art Exhibition, National Art Museum, Seoul 

              Holy Artist Association Exhibition, Midopa Gallery, Seoul1953  The 2nd Korean National Art Exhibition, National Art

              Museum, Seoul1950  Graduate Exhibition by College of Fine Arts, Seoul National University, Seoul

 

 

REVIEW

 

Chung’s mulberry papers create cultured calm - National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea, 2010

 

Chung, one of the first graduates of the College of Fine Arts at Seoul National University and currently an honorary professor there, is one of the doyens of Korean art. After his successful debut in 1952, winning the special prize at the National Art Competition, Chung led some of Korea’s important art movements such as Art Informel. Ironically, however, the “Chang-Sup Chung Retrospective” is his first-ever solo exhibition held at a national museum. “This might be his last one, too, because he is in critical condition. He never enjoyed presenting himself or cared much about promoting his works. That’s probably why he is less known compared to his close friends like Park Seo-bo or Kim Tschang-yeul. Now is the time that a national museum shed light on his works,” said Lee Sun-ryung, curator of the exhibition. 

 

Like the artist himself, his artworks are the kind that do not make a strong first impression but reveal much more by not expressing too much. His last series, “Mukgo,” which means the thoughts of silence, is the epitome of Chung’s works. The secret to his calm but profound paintings is “dakjongi,” or Korean traditional paper made from mulberry bark.

 

“Chung practiced Informel paintings after learning the basics of Western painting but was not fond of the gooey and thick texture of oil paint. So he tried to come up with ways to naturalize the texture, like by painting it thin and runny as possible. And one day in the mid 1970s, he met his fate, dakjongi,” said Lee. “The shades and colors of the works vary although they may be the same kind of dakjongi. The artist hand-dyed dakjongi to bring out the exact color and shade he wanted and made the wrinkles one by one after placing them on the canvas.”