What are the gods in the Dai people

I am a Dai people, but I don’t speak the Dai people, but I don’t want to even know what the gods of my own nation.

4 thoughts on “What are the gods in the Dai people”

  1. The worship of the natural gods believes that all things are spiritual, and believe that all kinds of objects and natural phenomena in nature are dominated by gods and affect people's production and life. So worshiping many gods: land god. It is divided into bridgehead land, Zhaotou land, and mountains. Most of the villages are worshiped, only the tablet, no god statues; some are provided by a stone, and there are also pork undercib. People think that the land god is stubborn and the livestock is prosperous, the place is peaceful, and the beast is deterred. In the New Year's Eve or encountering natural disasters, we must use pigs, sheep, chickens, etc. to pray for a bumper harvest and peace. Before the hunting, the leader of the hunting must go to the stream to pick up the three -tailed small fish as a supply, burning incense paper to sacrifice the land god, and then lead the team up the mountain. After hunting, thank you to the land god. Water God. The first year of sacrifice to worship the water god. On this day, when the woman went to the river or well to draw water, she must first order the scent of the river or beside the well before taking the water to go home. Women in Chezhai, Rongjiang County also co -organized wine and vegetables to sacrifice by the well, surrounded by well, praised the well, and wished that the well water was full of years and the seasons were sweet. Bull God. On the eighth day of April of the lunar calendar or the sixth day of June, the cow god is called "Niuchen Festival" or "washing the bull". The day of the sacrifice should be allowed to rest and use chickens, ducks and other sacrifices to set up cases next to the catrane. Some also feed the cattle with special black glutinous rice, thanking cattle for farming.

    In addition to the ancestors of the ancestors, the male ancestors and heroes of the family. Essence Sabbing. The female ancestors of the Dai people are considered the highest guardian god of their nation. The Qiang villages in Li Ping, Congjiang, Rongjiang, Channel, and Sanjiang are all altars named "Sa Temple" or "Tangsa" and "Rana". Some are located in the temple, and some are located in open -air. The altar in the temple is a white stone pile with a diameter of about 1 meter. A half -open and half -closed black paper umbrella is inserted on the top, and a web -shaped paper -shaped paper is put on the top; Or 24 small wooden stakes, mesh -shaped paper -cutting surround the altar, as the guardian of Sabing. The open -air altar is a circular mound surrounded by stones, with a diameter of about 3 meters and a height of 1 meter; the surroundings are planted with banana or thorns. There are two large iron pots on the soil piles. The pots are built -in clothes, silverware and other utensils, and there are also women's heads carved with sandalwood. Planting a yang tree on the mound symbolizes Sabbing Qianqiu. The placement of the altar and the offerings of the rich sacrifice are hosted by the ghost master. The name "Deng Sa" for managing the Sabbing Altar Affairs is generally served as an elderly woman. On the first and fifteenth day of the lunar calendar, fragrant paper and tea supply. On the third or seventh day of the lunar calendar, the seventh day of February (before the spring) and the seventh day of August (before the autumn harvest), it is a grand sacrifice day. In some places, the village flag is promoted every time, and sacrifice for 3 days. In the meantime, it is also necessary to hold a collective entertainment event called "Jesa". Young men and women sing and dance, singing songs such as "sacrifice ancestors" and "Dai Genesis". In the year of the sacrifice, in some places, Dengsa will also be dressed as the goddess of Subi to visit the village. In the area of ​​Longsheng and Sanjiang in Guangxi, the Dai women also worshiped the Lang family and outsider. There are Langjia Temples in each village, and several villages worship a foreign temple. At the beginning of March of the lunar calendar each year, the old and middle -aged women carry tea, rice flowers, etc., and cook camellia to sacrifice in front of the temple to pray for family harmony and descendants. Three Rongshen. The ancestors worshiped by the Dai people in the Huangbai area of ​​the Hunan Channel of Hunan Channel. Every year and noon lunar calendar on August 15th of the lunar calendar (the bull bought from the field must be used) to pray for the population reproduction and the village prosperity. At that time, the ghost teacher reads the "sacrifice of the cow", then drove the bulls into the deep pool, and cut off the outer genitals in front of the San Rong Shen. Then cut the meat and cut the meat, called "Shen Niu sacrificed God, cut the meat to sacrifice the sky". At the same time, use this day to discuss it. After the ceremony, the Village veterans distributed the beef to each house.

    The funeral ceremony. Dai people believe that only the ancestors of the yin are peaceful, and the descendants of the Yangshi can be protected, so they pay attention to funeral funeral. After the death of the elderly, he asked the ghost teacher to choose the coffin, get out, and bury it when he chose Jiji. The ghost teacher reads the "Sending ancestral Ci" to lead the way, and guided the undead to meet with the ancestors of the past in the "Yansan Village", and then settled in the dragon palace. The old man died normally and was buried in the family's public cemetery. However, it is also necessary for the village to be buried at the same time as the old man in the village has thanked the world. After the death of the old man, from the date of burial, he must set up a spirit card at home for three years. The expansion of the period was attracted into the incense hall, and it was tied with the ancestors. In the Qingming Festival, each family first sacrificed the common ancestors of the cemetery, and then each family sacrificed on the grave of their ancestors. Finally, gather the same banquet. If it is a non -normal death, it is used for shallow burial. After three years, it will be buried twice, or it will be buried first and then buried, but it shall not be buried in the cemetery.

    The ghost teacher host sacrifice good gods and drives evil spirits. Also known as the wizard. When the pain, disasters, restless houses, and natural disasters occur, people think that different ghost elves are making trouble. Therefore, you must ask the ghost teacher to drive ghosts. Ghost teachers look at witch books or use divination, judge how he is ghosts, and what is applied. Those who have been seriously ill and are considered to be a ghost stole their soul, and ask the ghost teacher to "chase the soul". If an epidemic or fire occurred in the village, the ghost master must also sacrifice the village. Some of the ghost divisions have hereditary, and some of them are concurrently served by the villagers. The ghost teacher "rushing ghosts" received the supply as a reward.

  2. 1. Religious belief status

    This masses belief in many gods, with natural worship, soul worship, ancestor worship. The chickens, grass, eggs, snails, broccoli, and hexagrams are determined. Other beliefs include Buddhism, Taoism, and Christianity. Buddhism had been introduced into the district before the Ming Dynasty. There are one hundred temples, temples, 庵, and palaces in Laping County in the middle of the Qing Dynasty. There are still 52 places in the late Republic of China. "Sanjiang County Chronicle" contains, from the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, there were 12 temples in Sanjiang. But there are not many Dai people who devote the Buddha. Taoism has also been introduced into the Dai area in the Ming Dynasty. Most Taoist priests in Dongxiang are home priests. Such Taoist priests do not become a monk in Taoism, live in their own homes, and do dojo or place for the dead. Christianity has also been introduced into the hometown. In the 1920s, foreign and Chinese priests went to Sanjiang, Rongjiang, Li Ping to preach, and opened churches in the Leuli of Sanjiang Fulu, Linxi, Guyi, and Rongjiang. But there are very few people in the Dai people.

    2. Saya worship

    In the religious beliefs of the Dai nationality, the most important thing is Sa worship. The female gods generally worshiped in the southern part of Dongxiang are called Saisuya, the grandmother, and the highest protective god. People think that she is ambitious, can dominate everything on the world, affects the storms, and can protect the people. There are Sajan in Li Ping, Rongjiang, Conglong Sheng, Sanjiang, Channel and other places. Satta covers a quiet place in the middle of the village. Generally, it is an outdoor altar, a half -garden -shaped mound, and stones are mounded around. There are often people guarding in SaTe. The altar or hereditary, or the test is generated. Sa is the biggest protection god of Zhaizi. When Jianzhaizi, he must consider the existence of Sa. The establishment of Sa Tan is a major event of Zhaizi, which is called Annian. After the Sasan is completed, the Annian Temple ceremony should be held. The men and women in the village are wearing a dress, stepping on the song hall in front of Sa Tan, singing "The Song of Sa", praising the merit of Sa, and seeking the blessing of Sa. The Dai people are the most devout to Sa, and from time to time, they will worship this grandmother. The first day and the tenth day should burn incense and respect tea. Every year, the Spring Festival is the day of sacrifice Sa. The young women held their hands or hands around Shiping in front of the altar and danced, praying for Sa to descend the blessing and disaster in the new year. After the sacrifice, the crowd sat around Sa Tan for a meal, indicating that they had lunch with Sa. At this time, the gongs burning guns, the man blowing the front director, and the woman then danced while singing. In the Spring Festival, when the men's and women's singing team, the opera class or the Lusheng team will set off to other villages, they must first go to the sacrifice in front of the Sasana in order to go smoothly. In ancient times, when the Zhaizhong divorced to resist foreign enemies, he would even sacrifice Sa, praying that Sa's shelter guns could not enter, and the victory class. Regarding the life of this grandmother, it is said that it is a heroine who sacrificed to protect the interests of the Dai people. The worship of the Dai people is actually a ancestor worship. For a long time, a whole set of Sa culture has been formed in the Dai people, including legendary stories and ballads, stepping on the song hall, blowing Lu Sheng, and various worship of sacrifice, etc., which occupy an important position in the history of the Dai people.

  3. The Dai people believe in many gods and worship natural objects. Ancient trees, boulder, wells, and bridges are the objects of worship. With the female surname "Sa Sui" (meaning the grandmother of the village) as the supreme god, each village establishes "Saisui Temple". The chickens, grass, eggs, snails, broccoli, and hexagrams are determined. Some places are affected by the Han nationality and believe in some of the gods of the Han nationality. Believe that the soul is not dead. Buddhism is also circulating, there are temples of Tongtang, but there are not many people who believe in. Christianity and Catholicism have also been introduced, but there are not many believers.

  4. "Sama" Xingni

    -The Lady of the Dai of the Dai
    n n The Dai people are one of the "Luo Yue" of the ancient people in the Jiangnan area of ​​our country. Due to the avoidance of war and plague, the dynasties have repeatedly moved south. During the Sui and Tang dynasties, there were Dongting Lake (ancient known as "Yunmengze") at the junction of Wuzhou, Hunan and Hubei at the junction of Guangxi and Guangdong. Historical records: At the beginning of the establishment of the Tang Dynasty, in order to expand the territory, the court had expelled the border minorities several times. By 629, the large -scale military operations of "Vietnamese" in Lingnan and Wuzhou were four times for living in Lingnan and Wuzhou. The people of the Dai people have to leave their hometown, and they have escaped from the river to today's Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan, and the southwest of Hubei.
    "Sama", or "Sa Sui", "Sa Xiang", "Sabbing", the meaning of "Virgin" and "Grandmother". "Sama" was named "” ”", and the adult name "Xingni". His parents fled to southern Guizhou with the shelters. After his parents were killed by Li Dongshun, the great rich man in Danyang, Xingni came to Liujiazhai to live with her uncle and settle with the local youth -Dao. In order to avoid Li Dongshun's oppression, the couple came to Luozhai Zai'an and were still found by Li Dongshun. The couple were unbearable, and they led the crowd. Li Dongshun's son Li Dinglang, the son of the government official, wrote the court, saying "峒 峒 李" ***. The court sent troops to come ***. Due to the disparity, Xingni died at the cliff in the dragon's "Nong Tang". Since then, Xingni has been worshiped by the people of the Dai people and respected as God. Almost every Dai Village has the Virgin "Sama" altar to commemorate her. When the "Sama" was built, the "Sama" Lingshan -"Nongtang" or the "Virgin Sa Tan" in Liujiazhai to get the soil (the meaning of seeking the roots and asking the "Sa" soul). For a long time, the story of the Master of the Dai "Sama" Xingni is widely praised in Dongxiang ...

    . The poor of the Dai people were forced to death by a rich man, and he left his wife who was pregnant. She was suffering in all. After giving birth to a boy, she jumped and committed suicide in sadness and followed her husband.
    This here has a surname of the Dai surnames, who lived in fishing all year round. They have been named Wu Duqiang for one child. On this day, the couple came to the river and suddenly saw a fat doll unattended. They took the doll home to raise them, named Wu Du Bao ("Qiao" "Bao", "Brother"). They regarded all their own biological sons, and they took care of the younger brother who took care of it. A few years have passed, they have grown up, they have grown up, they have a wide waist and endless power. So the old man taught them to learn martial arts, and they were proficient in their swords and sticks.
    One year, the flood became disaster. The Han Li family took the opportunity to occupy Liangtian, causing the resentment of everyone in the village. Under the leadership of Du Duqiang and Du Qiang, they got up to fight against the Li family. After all, Li Jiacai had a lot of power. After several contests, they all sacrificed heroically in the melee. Under the big tree (the Dai people worship the ancient tree and believe in the mountain god).
    shortly after, the two elderly people who adopted the pockets died one after another. The fields were barren, and the Li family's peeling, people had to drag their women to leave their hometown and follow the river. When they came to the mouth of the waves (the tributary of the Liujiang River), they did not know that they should walk along that river. So they called the water of the two rivers. As a result, the water of the Baluo River was heavier, and they came to the area of ​​Liudong via Baliluo (now from the jurisdiction of Jiangxian) (centered on Zhaoxing and Dai Village, Liping County, Guizhou Province, and Li Ping And the Dai villagers from the border of the river).
    During the journey, they all walked to the end. He saw a girl wearing a clothes fainted on the side of the road, and hurriedly lifted her up, and drank her with her hands. She eats. The girl told Du Bao that her name was Yangxiang. Her parents died early, leaving only herself and her brother along the river. Unfortunately, she had to begging her brother along the river.
    It's sympathy for this unfortunate girl, helping her on the road together. Come to Daguanzhai (the current under the jurisdiction of Luoxiang Town, Jiangxian, one said that it is Pingrui, which is under the jurisdiction of Bingmei Town, Jiangxian County). Couple.

    . The birth of Xingni
    All pockets and Yangxiang love each other, but at the age of 40, there are still no children. One night, the couple had a dream at the same time, dreaming that a bright star fell on her roof. Then, I saw a silver -haired wife holding a cute little girl to come to the house. Shortly, Yang Xiang became pregnant. Later, a baby baby was born, because he dreamed that Xingzi was born, they took their milk name "婢 奔" (the meaning of "flying girl"). Since the age of five, she has learned martial arts with her father. Later, her skills were even better than tiger and leopard. Seeing that she grew up and more beautiful, the folks were called her "Xingni" (that is, the "fairy" of the "fairy").
    . On the village where Xingni lived, the stone rose the sky as the earliest, occupying the most fields and the largest power. He had a son who was born ugly and did not do business. He had to be an AMi as his daughter -in -law, and Xingni refused. Shi Hutian felt that he was embarrassed when he felt his face. Du Bao and his wife had to make a living.

    . Danyang changes
    The Danyangzhai Village (now under the jurisdiction of Qingyun Township, Jiangxian), there is a Han family's family name Li Dongshun, and it is also from Wuzhou Move. He has a son named Li Dinglang and is an official in the prefecture. In this area, the Li family was wide, and the couples were working in his house.
    Li Dongshun's heart with ghosts and rented the farthest and worst fields to the Du Bao couples. One day, Lord Li called Yangxiang to the house to woven him, took the opportunity to play Yangxiang, and forced Yangxiang to be his seventh room wife. Yang Xiang disagreed and shouted loudly.
    At this time, they returned from the mountain, heard the shout, hurried upstairs, and saw Li Dongshun's rudeness to Yangxiang. Li Dongshun was beaten and crying. When Li Dongshun's family heard the owner shouting, he rushed upstairs with a knife and gun. They all barely fist, widowed to the crowd, stepped back, stepped back to the window sill, and unfortunately fell off the vegetable garden, and could no longer get up. The blood of Du Qian splashed the amaranth of the vegetable garden (to commemorate the Dai hero who dared to fight against, and since then the Dai surname Wu surnamed the amaranth). Besides, Yangxiang saw her husband being forced to die, dizzy, vomiting blood, and then hit a large stone with her head, and went away with her husband.
    After the died of the couple, Li Dongshun asked the family to lock the young Xingni upstairs and forced her to marry her mother. The old man who is living in the Li family and named Guan Gong has the ability to go on the wall. One night, Guan Gong rescued Xingni out of the tiger's mouth and instructed her to leave Danyang Village.

    . The body of the sixth, the six of the six,
    Xingni turned over the mountains and rolled the mountains. Suddenly, Lin Zhong's wind rose suddenly and jumped out of a tiger to her. Xingni was in a hurry and gave away. The tiger rushed to the air, roared and rolled over again. At this critical juncture, Xingni hugged the tiger with his strength, and used the tiger's chin above his head. The tiger opened his blood and couldn't bite almond. Xingni and the tiger rolled around the ground. When this was difficult to solve the score, she only heard a "嗖" arrow sound, the tiger yelled, and rolled aside to die.
    The young man who was like a small cow came up, pulled out the arrow from the eyes of the tiger, and saw that the tiger really died. He quickly came over and asked, "Little sister, what is your name, your name, ? Why do people come to this old mountain forest alone? "Xingni replied:" My name is Xingni, because my parents were killed by the Li family of the Danyang Village, I escaped alone and wanted to find my mother for more than ten years. My brother, the uncle who has never met. "The young hunter said:" My name is Shi Dao (also the information called "Shi Xingdao"), there are no parents since childhood, and Liujiazhai, who lives in the mountains (now the dragon in Liping County, Li Ping County Township). "As Shi Dao picked up the dead tiger, he quoted Xingni and came to Liujiazhai's own home temporarily. "Little sister, what is your mother's name?" The next day, in Liujiazhai, a boss asked Xingni. "My mother is called Yangxiang" Xingni replied. "Oh! I am your nine cups!" Xingni rushed to his arms and cried loudly.
    In Xingni lived in the uncle's house, Shi Dao came to take care of her every day, and learned martial arts with her. The relationship between the two was better every day, and later she formed her husband and wife.

    . The trapped of Xingni
    This hometown prevails in the spring and autumn of each year. One year of autumn, girls and guys in the three hundred villages of Bai Baidong Township were dressed in dresses, and gathered in the "Target" Tianba (now the lower reaches of the six -time river in Long Er Township, Liping County). On the day of the competition, Almond was elected as the lead singer, and the singing dumped the people present. At this time, Li Dongshun broke into the singing hall with a fierce manner and snatched Xingni. It turned out that Li Dongshun wanted to choose a young and beautiful girl as the seventh room, but did not expect to meet Xingni. At this time, Shi Dao was blowing Lu Sheng with the guys. After discovering, they couldn't beat Li Jimbing with bare hands and had to watch the Li family take away the Li family to take away the Li family.
    Mi Xingni was locked up on the Li family building. The folks were anxious. Shi Dao took a dozen post -students to rescue every day. Helplessly, the Li family was alert and it was difficult to start.
    In order to comfort the apricot and find the opportunity to rescue, Shi Dao came to the building that was detained by Xingni to sing a song:
    Shimizuxi.
    The is also countless,
    This ponds collapsed carp.
    In Xianni heard the singing and understood Shi Dao's idea, so she said to Li Dongshun's housekeeper Wang Su, "Do Li Gong really want to marry me?" Wang Su said quickly: "Really, no fake at all. "If you are sincere, as long as you promise me two things, I will marry him. The first thing is to set up a banquet and banquet. I want to see if his family is young and old and family Ding Nu. Second, on the day of the banquet, please send the four altars to the folks from Liujiazhai, which is a happy wine sent to my mother's family! Don't forget, you must tell the folks that this is a 'feasting wine back', and the jar is also on the jar. Paste the four characters of "Marrying Rest and Return to the Wo". "Wang Su reported to the owner, and the Li family agreed one by one.

    . The rescue
    Liujiazhai received the four altars' mall of wine to return to the nest "from the Li family. Essence The experienced Jiuku elderly man said, "This is Xingni asked us to take advantage of tonight to rescue her!" Shi Dao suddenly grabbed Jiuku's hand and said, "How do you know she told us to save her?" Jiu Ku said, "This sentence of Xingni is obviously a fall of our family. You see," Wooding and Bettering Back to the Wo "is not just 'saving me home'?" So everyone discussed the way to rescue Xingni Essence
    Late at night, Lijialou's lit was brilliant, and Li Jiabing died one by one. Shi Dao took a dozen folks who came to ‘He Xi’ to contact Xingni. Kimyi knew that the rescue had arrived, so she should be in the inside, first hit a few soldiers, and then opened the door of the Li family. Jiugu, Shi Dao and others rushed into the Li family battle. Li Jiabing Ding was seriously casualties and sent someone to the outside world to ask officers and soldiers to reinforce. The folks such as Jiugu and Shi Dao rescued Xingni, knowing that the officers and soldiers were coming, and they were out of balance, so they withdrew from Danyang Village.

    . Seven, 栖 蛳 蛳
    Jiuku knows that the Li family wants to retaliate, and then said to Shi Dao, "You will take Xingni to fly high and fly! Ni and Shi Dao bid farewell to the uncle and the folks, and left Liujiazhai. They turned over Jiujo Ridge, and the sky gradually darkened. When they saw a village at the foot of the mountain, they walked towards the village. In order to escape the follow -up of the Li family, the two of them temporarily observed the movement in the deep mountains not far from the Zhaizi, and dared to enter the Zhaizi in the morning the next morning. They came to the edge of the village and happened to meet an old white -haired woman. They inquired: "What is this called a village?" The old man answered. Shi Dao asked again, "Is there an outsiders in the village? Are there any relatives of the Li family of Danyang Village?" The wife shook his head and said, "We are all poor people, how can there be relatives of the Li family? Do you have an acquaintance? If not, I will go to my house, but the villain is poor. My name is Satian Pa, there is no children and no daughter, and you are alone. "" This is troublesome to your old man! " The old man was settled in his house and cared about the old man like his mother. Since then, they have long lived on Luoyuzhai. Later, Xingni gave birth to two daughters, one named Jia Ju, and the other was Jiamei. Xingni has taught them to sing from an early age, and Shi Dao has taught them to practice martial arts from an early age. A family, who lives peace and beauty.
    The people with more water and less people, the apricot and his wife and the folks are preparing to dig the front of the front of the village into a pond to store water. At the bottom of the well, everyone saw two swords inserted in the gap in the sore water gap. Inside, they tried to pull out. In the end, only the Xingni couple had the most strength and easily pulled out the sword. Its sword edge is extremely blade, and the word "Kowloon Sword" is engraved. Everyone also named the new pond as "Kowloon Pond". The apricot and his wife opened up the wasteland with the villagers. Gradually, there are more and more Tiantang on the village, and the poor villages are rich every day. Luoyuzhai was famous for a while.

    8. Angry fought
    This to Li Dongshun's ears. One day, he brought dozens of families to Luozhai Village, and drummed to convene everyone to discuss the matter. Li Dongshun stood on the Gulouping and said to the crowd: "The Kowloon Mountain behind this village is the mountain of our Li family. You dug the Longjing and break our dragon veins of the Li family. You must restore the well and return the sword to In addition, pay thousands of pounds of fish in a year! "
    The people were very angry when they heard it, but no one dared to come out to discuss with the Li family. Satian Pa was anxious, and said to Li Dongshun: "Many places in our three hundred and three hundred villages were originally lived in the Miao family. Later, the Miao family said that the Feng Shui was not good in this place. Moving here is just three generations. How do you say that this mountain is the mountain of Li Gong? You want us to pay thousands of pounds of fish a year. When he met Satian Pa, he dared to top him in public. He rushed over, kicked Satian Pa on the ground, and vomited blood. Xingni and Shi Dao screamed to run up to help the old man. She was out of breath. The crowd roared to Li Dongshun. Li Dongshun's housekeeper Wang Su looked at the anger and was unpleasant. Under the cover of the family, Li Dongshun escaped from Luo Zhai.
    The folks are unbearable to revenge for Satian Pa. They have been bullied by Li Dongshun again and again for many years. The seed of hatred was deeply buried in Xingni's heart. She pulled out the sword, Shi Dao opened a strong bow, and the folks also sharpened the swords and guns. Under the leadership of the Xingni couple, they rushed into Danyang Village overnight, and the angry crowd shouted into the Li family building. Xingni danced a sword, cold light, Li Jiabing died. Li Dongshun woke up from his dream, and just jumped the window to escape. Xingni caught up and went to a sword to cut him and revenge to his parents. Everyone caught the housekeeper Wang Su, and he was frightened to kneel on the ground and shouted to help. Xingni was about to raise the sword to kill Wang Su, and Shi Dao grabbed it and persuaded: "Keep him! He recognizes the words, asking him to divide the silver money and valley of the Li family to the poor folks." The barn and Yinku opened, and the folks in the three hundred villages gathered Danyangzhai to share money and share food.
    Mi Xingni stood at a high place and said to everyone loudly: "The folks, the Li family, relying on his wealth and the momentum, oppressive we planting people. Today we killed Li Dongshun and took a sigh of relief. Everyone was divided into food and money, but Li Dongshun's son, Li Dinglang, was a state official. He would never be reconciled. We only picked up a knife and gun and formed a large model to keep the fields. "Everyone shouted. Jiuku heard that Luo Yizhai had started, and he also brought the folks from Liujiazhai to enter the payment. Guan Gong also took the old man on the village to rub the rope and fight straw shoes.

    . Nine, hardships of battle
    The unexpectedly, Li Dinglang learned that his father was killed and the family property was divided, and he immediately gritted his teeth. In order to "revenge the snow hatred", 8,000 officers and soldiers were sent to the hometown.
    In officers and soldiers burned all the way. When the mountain rushing near Danyang Village, suddenly the gongs sounded, drumming, and the beyl wood flying rocks on both sides scared that the officers and soldiers ran into both sides of the mountain road to hide their lives. Essence Who knew that the roadside was a trap of a bamboo stick, and they all fell the trap and half of them were killed and wounded. When Li Dinglang saw that the major event was not good, he hurriedly ordered to withdraw from Shan Chong and changed from both sides to attack. The Guan Gong and others who were ordered to adhere to the Danyangzhai also took the crowd to hit each other. With the danger, the officers and soldiers kept the officers and soldiers under the Kowloon Mountain.
    The officers and soldiers learned that the people of the Liujia Tao group were about to pass the "June sixth" festival, and they were divided into three -way soldiers and horses to take the opportunity to surround them. Xingni let people notify each household, mixed with tung oil in the cooked chicken, duck and fish, put the wine on the table, and hid up the mountain. The officers and soldiers rushed and saw a empty village left. Unexpectedly, after eating, she was poisonous and spit it up and diarrhea. Seeing that she led the public to rush out of the forest, swept off the officers and soldiers, and lost more than half of it. After the officers and soldiers renovated the soldiers, the soil came again and attacked the village by the glory and lighting. In the way, Xingni and others also applied their own ways to make people secretly use dry fir leaves, surrounding officers and soldiers, and burned their camps. The officers and soldiers fled.
    The officers and soldiers were defeated, and the three hundred village blew the gong to celebrate the victory. Almond knew that the enemy would not stop, and she would adjust more soldiers and horses, so she went to "Jiudong" (now from Jiangxian to Dongxiang as the center, from the junction of Jianghe Li Ping, Rongjiang, Dai Village), "Three Treasures" (now 18 natural villages in Chejiang Township, Rongjiang County, 18 natural villages at the junction of loyalty town) and other places contacted more folks to jointly start models to expand the team to deal with more vicious enemies.
    The Li Dinglang defeated the state government, sent someone to report to the court overnight, and said "峒" ***. The emperor heard that "" ***, and quickly sent "General Ping Man" to lead 80,000 people to help Li Dinglang severely punish "峒". Every time the officers and soldiers arrived in a village, they washed a mountain village with blood. Although Xingni's team was growing, the sword was insufficient after all, so she had to borrow the terrain and the officers and soldiers. After nine years and nine months, the field was barren, and the food was gone. The folks peeled their bark and dug wild vegetables to charges hunger, and tightened their trousers to fight officers and soldiers. The couple of Xingni led the residual department to retire from Sanshun (now Rongjiang County), and then broke through the river and went down the river to Baliluo. Helplessly, the couple of the Xingni then led the crowd to go up the mountain, via Yundong, Danyang (now from Jiangxian), and moved to the camp of Jiulong Mountain (now Lingxiangxiang, Liping County). Soon the officers and soldiers came again, and the group besieged Jiulong Mountain. Due to the severe lack of water on the mountain, the almond couple decided to go down the mountain to break through. At this critical juncture, Wang Su, who was dedicated by the uncle's life, deceived Jiajia and Jiamei's trust, stole the Jiulong sword, and poured it with dogs to lose its power. During the battle, the couple of the Xingnie killed the enemy heroically, and the sword bent like a bow. Due to hunger and casualties, there are fewer and fewer Xingnie's people and horses, but officers and soldiers are more and more day by day. They step by step and surround the crowd. Among them, 10,000 officers and soldiers specifically dedicated to less than a thousand people who led the Xingni couple. The couple of the almond had to lead everyone to retreat into the dangerous "Nongtang" deep mountain cliff (now the "Sanlong Raider" in Mawei Beach, Mawei Township, Lingjia Township, Liping County).

    This, the decisive battle "Nongtang General"
    Li Dinglang took the officers and soldiers and then chased it, and the "Nongtang" could not be leaked, and the battle became more and more intense. There are fewer and fewer rollers, vermiculite, and swords used by the public, and the officers and soldiers are forced to come up the mountain. The crowd struggled to resist, and the casualties were getting bigger and bigger, but they still insisted on fighting off the officers and soldiers again and again. Shi Dao instructed Xingni to keep the top of the mountain, and led some people to rush down the mountainside to kill the enemy. Wang Su, who was mixed in the crowd, suddenly opened the bow and arrow at the stone road in front of him. Jiuku's eyes were fast, and he immediately put a arrow at Wang Su fiercely. Shi Dao fell bravely, and Wang Su was firmly nailed to a big tree by Jiuku's arrow.

    This of Shi Dao was sacrificed, and the officers and soldiers howl and killed the mountain, and Jiuku and the Warriors fell one by one in the melee. The remaining crowds were retreated to the top of the mountain. After a few days and nights of blood battles, only three of their mother and daughter were left. Xingnie asked Jiaju and Jiamei to stand on the top of the mountain, hiding behind the mountainside stones. Li Dinglang saw only two female generals on the mountain, so he rushed up the mountain first. Xingni suddenly jumped from behind the stone, a sword split him into two sections, and then kicked the corpse down the valley.

    eleven, Xingni's eternal officers and soldiers are as more and more as ants. The two sisters of Jiaju and Jiamei rushed down the mountain to cover the mother, and the three of them folded back to the top of the mountain. The mother and daughter stood on the top of the mountain, and the officers and soldiers crawled towards the top of the mountain and approached step by step. In front of the layers of siege officers and soldiers, behind the cliffs and steep walls, below is a deep pond. There is no way back. Xingni hugs the two daughters and said in a sadness: "The mountain here is our mountains, water, water, water, water, water. It is the water of our family, and we just die on our own land. We are buried in the water of our hometown. We must not let the official family catch it. Holding his mother's arm tightly and saying, "Daughter is inseparable from her mother!" Xingni also held her two daughters tightly. The sisters looked at the mother and nodded at the same time. Jumping down the rock ...
    Mi -daughter -in -law jumped off the cliff heroically. After the officers and soldiers retreated, Guan Gong took the folks hiding in the cave to call Xingni's name to the "Nongtang" mountain. However, people can no longer see their heroes.
    In the legend: After the three mother and daughter jumped off the "Nong Tang", Jia Ju and Jiamei were bravely sacrificed, but Xingni did not fall to death, but fell down the deep pond, and then the water drifted to the water. Longjiazhai was rescued by a fishing elderly. In order to avoid the chase of the official family, it was not allowed to be implicated by the family members, and Xingni did not let the elderly preach. Since then, she has dressed as a poor woman and lived in the deep mountain cave. She occasionally went to the nearby villages to teach the skills of women's spinning woven fabrics. A few years later, a pale old woman in Liujia Village came to her old village. She recognized her -Isn't this a hero of our family? At this time, Xingni is 92 years old! After staying in the Liuga, Xingni brought a facial scene with a smooth wind and a prosperous world. Everywhere Xingni goes, it also brings good luck to the local people. One day, people could not see Xingni, that is, looking around, and found that Xingni had been in a cave in the village ending ......
    to commemorate their heroes, the six people were in the cave of Xingni to return to heaven. The wooden structure of the wooden structure, known as the "Our Lady Hall", regards it as a god of blessing. And from Tanxi (now Liping County), the relative of Xingni's husband, Shi Wancai, was responsible for governing the guardian and paying tea to Xingni. They refer to Xingni as "Sa Sui" (the meaning of "grandmother" and "Virgin"), calling Kamine as "Mother Lady", and sculpting the "Virgin" in the hall to see her as blessing The god of one side. The "sacrifice sacrifice" event will be held in the eighth day of the eighth to the first day of the first month.

    In later, the story of Xingni is more and more praised. The villages of the Dai villagers in Liling, Congjiang, Rongjiang, Guangxi Sanjiang, Longsheng, Hunan Channel, Jingzhou and other counties in Guizhou Province have come "Nongtang Protoning" in Shangdi Village, Longjia Township, Liping County - "Sama" Lingshan or "Virgin Sa Tan" in Liujia Village, Longjia Township, Liping County to pick up the soil (the meaning of seeking roots and asking "Sa") , Establish a temple, call Xingni "Sa Sui" or "Sama", "Sa Mang", "Sa Xiang".
    In a day or two before the spring equinox in front of the Spring Club, or between the Qiuhe to the Spring Society of the following year, the folks gathered near the "Sama" Hall in the village, according to the ancestral rules, the transfer of the "Our Lady Hall" Circle, bow, burn incense, and tea for Sama to sacrifice. Then, the men blew Lu Sheng, the girls danced and danced, and the old people led the crowd "Duye (the Dai people stepped on the song hall)", praised the "Sama" merit, and so on. And respect. Since then, the "sacrifice Sa" activity has become one of the oldest, most solemn and important activities of the people of the Dai people.
    For a long time, the more grand "sacrifice" activities include Liujiazhai, Long Er Township, Liping County, Ji Xing Township Jiuti, Tang'an, Xiage, Congjiang County Guandong, Longdong, Yundong. Also "activities;" Sasha "in Banjiang Village, Lioping County, Banjiang Village, Liping County;" Saidi Festival "and" Sabbing Festival "in Sanjiang and Rongshui in Guangxi. Since entering the 21st century, the "Sama Festival" hosted by the Rongjiang County Party Committee and County Government has a large scale and a broad impact.

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