1 thought on “Vigorously cultivate industrial clusters to enhance regional economic competitiveness”

  1. At present, the trend of clusterization of the world's industrial development is becoming increasingly obvious, and industrial clusters have become an objective requirement for industrial upgrading. How to develop industrial clusters and create a regional core competitiveness has attracted great attention. The comprehensive competitive advantage of a regional industry is concentrated in the strength of the competitiveness of industrial clusters. The ecological environment of an industrial development in the region is an industrial cluster, creating a good ecological environment, and enhancing the competitiveness of industrial clusters. It is an important way to develop and strengthen a regional industry. At present, the city's textiles, building materials, Linzhu and other industries have a considerable scale, and also have some characteristics of industrial clusters. Power is a major issue in front of us. I. The connotation of the industrial cluster and the connotation of the characteristic industrial cluster refers to the concentration of companies in the same industry as well as related industries of the industry and enterprises that support new industries. The objects of the cluster include suppliers, research institutions, financial institutions, industry associations, and other supporting intermediary organizations in the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain. The industrial cluster is not a simple gathering of a large number of enterprises. It is a corporate network of interconnected and interaction through a relatively small area of ​​production chain in a relatively narrow area. A large number of domestic and foreign industrial clusters exist. For example, a number of computer production and processing enterprises gathered in Dongguan, Guangdong, and more than 95 % of the components required for computer machines can be obtained within 5 kilometers of squares. The main features of industrial clusters are specifically manifested in: First, a collaborative environment that has a overall sum of the sum of the local area. A single enterprise in the cluster does not have a large market influence, but all enterprises build core competitiveness in accordance with the principles of professionalism. After integrating these core competitiveness, it has formed a unique synergy environment that is greater than the sum of locality. Second, high correlation between enterprises. Enterprises in the cluster area, including large enterprises and small and medium -sized enterprises, are not simple concentrations, but are associated with a certain added value production chain to form a community with existing division of labor and collaborative. Third, regional competitiveness is strong. Enterprises in the cluster are both divided into labor and cooperation, both competition and cooperation, and the conditions for division of labor and cooperation are the conditions, which promotes the competitiveness of service capabilities, infrastructure, information exchange, innovation spirit, market mechanism, transportation, credit level and other competitiveness in the entire area. Improve. Fourth, the production factors flow quickly. The knowledge, technology, talents, capital, and information required for industrialization have the characteristics of "ultra -current". The elements in the cluster area quickly flow, and can quickly gather and combine in a short period of time, so that the efficiency of industrialization can reach a higher level at any time according to the market needs. Fifth, small and medium -sized enterprises are dense. Diversified organizational forms are an important development model of a regional leading industry. SMEs have the characteristics of demand fluctuation adaptability and operating strategic flexibility. They rely more on this innovative and decentralized environment than large enterprises, thereby forming a intensive phenomenon of small and medium -sized enterprises in the cluster area. Sixth, the supply channels are smooth. The geographical concentration of enterprises can make manufacturers more efficiently get the service of the supplier; quickly shape to employees that meet their own intentions; get the market information needed for competition in the industry in time; The relative concentration of industry information, buyers' intentions and supporting institutions and facilities. 2. The current status and problems of the industrial cluster of our city In recent years, the city's "three reliances" that rely on resources to develop, rely on cities to develop, and rely on large enterprises to achieve the development of urban economy and rural economy, state -owned economy, The "three linkages" of non -public economic linkage, local economy and the linkage of the eternal enterprise, strengthen the development ideas of the "three industries" of textiles, Linzhu, and tourism, vigorously implement the project to drive strategies, actively cultivate regional characteristic industries, promote the regional economy Increased competitiveness. As a result, the city's three major industries of textiles, forests, and building materials in our city have developed rapidly and gradually develop in the direction of industrial clusters. According to statistics, in 2003, there were 214 textiles, building materials, and Linzhu companies in the city, of which 69 industrial enterprises above designated size accounted for more than half of the city's enterprises above designated size. The three major industries of textile, building materials, and Linzhu realized the industrial output value of 3.02 billion yuan, accounting for 66.2 % of the city's total industrial output value. ——The textile industry. In 2003, the city's textile industry achieved an output value of 1.27 billion yuan, an increase of 33.6 %; the annual yarn was 23,100 tons and 34.68 million meters, an increase of 34.4 % and 28.5 %, respectively. At present, there are 70 textile companies in the city, 6,767 employees, and annual criminal production capacity of 200,000 ingots, ranking fifth in the province, 2,247 weaving machines and 37 knitting machines. The main products include cotton yarn, polyester cotton yarn, polyester yarn, non -woven fabric, polyester cloth, PU leather, denim cloth, woven woven and knitted fabric. It has a group of strong textile companies such as Fujian Chemical Textile Group, Shenghui Company, Baohuarin Company, Xingfa Company, Fangyuan Company, Tianlong Industry and Trade Company; A number of textile companies such as textiles and Chuanlong Textiles are under construction. It is estimated that by 2008, the city's textile industry output value will exceed 3 billion yuan, an average annual increase of more than 30 %. ——In forestry. In 2003, the city's forestry industry achieved an output value of 1.54 billion yuan, of which the total output value of the industry was 880 million yuan, an increase of 16.1 %; the annual production of 1.5 million square meters of wood flooring, 120,000 cubic meters of the medium fiber board, and wood plywood 3 Thousands of cubic meters, 440,000 square meters of bamboo flooring, and 40,000 cubic meters of bamboo plywood. At present, there are 106 forest bamboo companies in the city and more than 5,000 employees. With Yonglin Co., Ltd., Jitong Company, Henya, Yongxin, etc., a number of upper -scale forest bamboo processing enterprises. Among them, Yonglin Co., Ltd. is the first listed company in the country with Morimon Resources. In the future, with the "two million acres" (one million acres of high -yielding forest bases and millions of acres of bamboo forest bases) and "two centers" (two centers "in our city ) The construction of the city is expected to exceed 3 billion yuan in the city's total output value in 2008. The annual output of 500,000 cubic meters of fiber board, 5 million square meters of wooden flooring, and 1.5 million square meters of bamboo flooring. ——Wen building materials industry. In 2003, the city's building materials industry achieved an output value of 870 million yuan, an increase of 12.3 %; the annual output of 3.36 million tons of cement and 620,000 tons of goods. At present, the building materials industry in our city is mainly based on cement production enterprises. There are 38 cement companies, including Jianfu Cement Co., Ltd. as a listed company, and 6,630 cement enterprises. Last year, the city's ideas in accordance with the big crowded, integrating the idea of ​​increasing the level of cement industry, and increasing the construction of cement cement. Two annual output of 1 million tons of cement Consuang Xingyao Cement and Jinyin Lake New Rotor Kiln Cement have been constructed one after another. Cement is doing preliminary work. It is expected that by 2008, the city's rotary kiln cement production capacity will exceed 5 million tons, and the output value of the building materials industry will be more than 2 billion yuan. Because the development of industrial clusters in our city is still in its infancy, there are still many difficulties and problems in the development process, mainly: (1) the degree of industrial agglomeration is low. The specific manifestations are: First, the enterprise is relatively scattered in the space layout. Due to the limitations of various conditions, many towns and villages still follow the principles of the layout of "local factories" and "do not leave the country" when they are founded by enterprises, so that enterprises are in a discrete state in geographical space. For example, there are only more than 20 textile companies in our city's textile industry. The layout of the Nigeria High -tech Development Zone and its surroundings, other large number of textile companies are distributed in various towns and villages. Second, there is a low degree of industrial correlation between enterprises. Due to poor professional collaboration between enterprises, we cannot achieve resource sharing and interests, causing some resources waste and repeated construction. For example, the textile raw materials produced by Fujian Chemical Textile Group, which are located in our city, cannot be used by the city's spinning enterprises. It is mainly sold to the coastal areas of Jiangxi and our province. Raw materials; Third, the industrial chain of various industries is too short. The products of various companies in our city are basically in the middle of the industrial chain, with fewer terminal products. Fourth, the scale of the park is too small. The largest development area of ​​the city's largest Nigeron Garden is still less than 1,000 acres. Other parks can be imagined, so it is difficult to achieve a large -scale gathering of enterprises. (2) The ecological environment of industrial clusters is poor. First, the policy environment is not loose enough. There are still many problems in terms of land use, financing, and taxation. Taking spinning enterprises as an example, the taxes of enterprises in our city are about 4 yuan / ingot · month, while coastal companies are only 2 yuan / ingot · month. Excessive taxation not only restricts enterprises to further accumulate, but also hinders private capital reinvestment. Second, the functional development of intermediary agencies and other functions. The city's textiles, building materials, Linzhu, etc. all have their own industry associations, but these industry associations have not played a small effect due to the excessive administrative color. Third, the small and medium -sized service system is not sound. The city's service companies in packaging, warehousing, logistics, information, financing, and financing guarantees are quite small, and the service capabilities are very limited. 10,000 yuan guarantee quarantine. Fourth, the market service system is not equipped. (3) The overall competitiveness of the enterprise is weak. First, there are few leading enterprises that can affect the development of the entire industry. Enterprises are generally small, weak in capital, lack of talents, extensive operations, and low anti -risk capabilities. The second is the low level of technical equipment. Most of the main production equipment in many enterprises are low -end equipment or nearly eliminated equipment. For example, the entire cement industry has only one Nissan 1,600 tons of new dry rotary kiln production line. production line. Third, the company's products are relatively single and low in grade. Although there are certain sales markets, most companies have no advantage in market competition. Fourth, the product structure is unreasonable. There is a phenomenon of "three more than three less", that is, there are many intermediate products and fewer terminal products; more rough processing products, fewer processing products; more low -grade products and fewer high -end products. Most companies have weak work in the development and application of new products, market development, and market forecasting. They only find out the production and improve the product structure and improve the quality of the product. There are many large products and many imitation products. Fifth, the brand awareness is not strong. There are only "two -wheeled" brand polyethylene, "two -wheel" brand short fiber, "two -wheel" version of acrylic long silk, "Bao Huarin" brand non -woven fabric, "Yonglin Blue Leopard" strengthen composite floor, "Penguin" 9 provincial -level brand -name products, such as wooden plywood, "Jianfu" brand cement, and "one flower" urea. 3. Accelerate the countermeasures and suggestions of the development of industrial clusters. Get forward with the times, integrate resources, and adjust the development planning of various parks. Without planning to keep pace with the times, it is impossible to have the sustainable development of the industry. To correctly estimate the role of ## in the province's economic and even national economic value chain, we must use the development ideas of industrial clusters to adjust the development plan of various parks according to the development requirements of the ## pillar industry. And focus on grasping the following "benefit": first, to focus on domestic and foreign market needs, which is conducive to building an industrial system in this area; second, to improve the investment environment, through enterprise gathering, and support the supporting facilities of technology, products and services, etc. It is conducive to the formation of an industrial chain with a certain development scale; the third is to help form industries with ## characteristics and implement brand strategies; fourth, to form an industry with obvious advantages and market competitive advantages, form an advantage with surrounding areas, and form advantages in surrounding areas Complement and misplaced development. Niger High -tech Park and other parks in the northern part of ## Focus on the development of the textile industry. Cao Yuan, Dahu Township Industrial Community, etc. ## northwestern parks focus on the development of the building materials industry. The development of the forestry industry, Taoyuan Cave, Tianbaoyan, Anzhenbao, etc. ## Eastern areas focusing on the development of the tourism industry. It is necessary to accelerate the scale of various parks in our city, especially Niger High -tech Industrial Park, and guide small and medium -sized enterprises with decentralized layout to professional parks to accelerate the gathering of production factors. 2. The combination of government regulation and market operations improves the environment for industrial cluster. It is necessary to strengthen macro -control, strengthen policy intervention, prevent the further decentralization of industrial development resources, and promote the formation and development of industrial bases with non -balanced marketization methods. Through screening and planning, a group of high -growth projects are determined, and the industrial environment supports the industrial environment of the industrial chain from various aspects such as capital, land, policies and services. The textile industry in our city currently has the conditions for the industrial chain. It is necessary to actively develop textile follow -up products, extend the industrial chain, and strive to break through clothing processing. Implement the brand strategy and accelerate the cultivation of leading enterprises and various industrial clusters. Strengthening market operations. Industrial clusters are the creation of the environment and the product of the market. It is not caused by artificialness. It also needs to use market mechanisms to win the fittest and cultivate the competitiveness of and strengthen the competitiveness of industrial clusters. 3. Focusing on large enterprises to support the development of small and medium -sized enterprises towards the agglomeration direction. In the early stages of development, industrial clusters often depend on small and medium -sized enterprises. SMEs are one of the important features of regional leading industries around large companies. It is necessary to encourage large enterprises to include related SMEs into the overall development system. Large enterprises should give technology, information, funds, market networks and other support for small enterprises, so that small enterprises have developed steadily in professional division of labor and social competition. The textile industry in our city should give full play to the role of leading enterprises such as Fujian Textile Chemical Fiber Group, Shenghui Company, Baohuarin Company, and Tianlong Industry and Trade Company. For the leading head, the machinery industry should be supported by ## 为 为 and ## bearing company. 4. Give play to the role of intermediary organizations and improve the industrial cluster environment. The process from corporate clusters to industrial clusters is the process of integrating from the increase in resource investment to the integration of existing resource application capabilities. In order to achieve a systematic synergy effect that is greater than the harmony, various intermediary self -discipline agencies related to industrial cluster activities, special industry association services and coordination. In order to adapt to the development of regional industrial clusters, through industry associations such as textiles, building materials, forests and bamboo, uniformly standardized, uniform prices, oppose improper competition, etc., to continuously solve new situations and problems in their own development, "self -restraint, self -development, self -development ", Improve the ecological environment of the industrial cluster, and improve the competitiveness of industrial clusters in the entire region. 5. Accelerate the pace of financing and promote the development of industrial clusters. The development of industrial clusters requires a lot of funds. Tompass, use various forms and channels to raise funds. It is necessary to attract investment from domestic and foreign investment and achieve diversification of financing. In particular, we must use the resources of the listed company of Yonglin to accelerate the development of the forest and bamboo industry cluster. It is necessary to relax the eye adjustment of the industrial structure, make full use of the opportunities of coastal enterprises and transfer upstream and downstream industries, focus on the leading industry, select projects, "punch" attack, attract high -tech enterprises and R

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